Largest Roman-era cemetery discovered in Budapest

Archaeologists have discovered the largest Roman-era cemetery to date in the northern Óbuda district (Aquincum in Roman times) of Hungary, national news agency MTI reported.

The cemetery lies along one of the major Budapest arteries which has been a main road since Roman times, archaeologists said. The cemetery was in use between the second and fourth centuries and an estimated 100,000 people are buried there.


Situated on the northern border of the Roman province of Pannonia, Aquincum was a military post from as early as AD 41-54, when a 500-strong cavalry unit was dispatched there, followed in AD 89 by the 6,000-strong Audatrix II legion.

Being the center of operations on the Roman frontier against the neighboring Iazyges, Aquincum was occasionally the headquarters of emperors. The city had around 30,000 to 40,000 inhabitants by the end of the 2nd century, and covered a significant part of the area today known as the Óbuda district of Budapest.

Title image: Excavation of a Roman-era cemetery in the Aquincum part of the Hungarian capital, Budapest (MTI/Noémi Bruzák)

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