Germany is sending more and more migrants back to Poland

During the first seven months of 2023, there were nearly 4,000 transfer orders for illegal migrants to be sent back to Poland from other EU countries, mostly Germany

editor: Grzegorz Adamczyk
Federal police officers guard an arrested migrant at a police station in the German border town with Poland, Frankfurt an der Oder, Germany, Thursday, Oct. 28, 2021. (AP Photo/Markus Schreiber)

Germany is attempting to send back thousands of migrants to Poland, and hundreds have already been transferred.

Data from the Polish Border Guard shows that from the beginning of the year to the end of July, all EU member states have reported transfer orders for 3,950 foreigners to Poland. Of those, 804 of them have already been returned to Poland, with the majority of these migrants hailing from Georgia and Iraq as well as Chechnya.

The majority of the migrant transfer requests have been submitted by Germany. They involve 3,377 individuals, 495 of whom have already been returned to Poland.

“It often happens that such individuals ignore procedures, leave the center again, and head back to Germany,” Lieutenant Anna Michalska, the press spokesperson for the Border Guard, told the weekly magazine Wprost.

Those migrants who returned to Poland include individuals who had previously applied for international protection from Polish authorities but did not wait for their cases to be processed, contrary to regulations.

Lieutenant Michalska explains that these people didn’t wait for the procedure to conclude and went to Germany, “because, after all, they paid to get to Germany, not to Poland.”

If they are detained by German authorities, it is checked whether such a person had applied for international protection in another country. If the application was made in Poland, the individual is returned to Poland.

“This is in accordance with the Dublin Regulation, which has been in effect for many years,” explains Michalska.

Some foreigners are returned to Poland from Germany under a simplified procedure known as readmission. This usually involves people who were detained in Germany shortly after crossing the border from Poland. Michalska notes that using the readmission procedure requires notification within 48 hours of detainment.

What happens after foreigners are returned to Poland? They are sent to open centers, which they soon leave to go back to Germany.

“After two to three departures, it is clear that such a person is not interested in international protection in Poland. Then, the possibility of submitting another application is no longer available, resulting in a decision mandating return,” says the spokesperson for the Polish Border Guard.

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