Lech Walesa communist agent Bolek IPN inestigation Agent Bolek Commmunist secret services Czesław Kiszczak IPN Lech Wałęsa News Poland

Communist past: Lech Wałęsa refuses to comply with prosecutor’s office requests

The Chief Commission for the Prosecution of Crimes against the Polish Nation announced that former president and Solidarity leader Lech Wałęsa has been called upon three times by the prosecutor’s office to explain his testimonies in an investigation concerning his work as part of Polish communist special services. He was also requested to explain his […]
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Czesław Kiszczak History Lech Wałęsa Poland Round Table 1989 Wojciech Jaruzelski Commentary

Zybertowicz’s rules of liberal democracy a la Third Republic

On the 30th anniversary of The Round Table Talks, presidential advisor professor Andrzej Zybertowicz lists the flaws of the Third Polish Republic (III RP) and its relation to the Round Table Talks.

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Archives Communism Czesław Kiszczak History Lech Wałęsa Poland Wiktor Świetlik Commentary

Kiszczak’s archive sold to Americans

Multiple documents from the head of Poland’s communist police and special services archive have been sold to the US Hoover Institution Library & Archives in Stanford. Polish Radio journalist Wiktor Świetlik explains how these documents relate to Poland’s post-communist heritage.

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Czesław Kiszczak History Martial law Poland Wojciech Jaruzelski News

Martial law: killers unpunished

Poland’s peaceful Solidarity movement was crushed by tanks in 1981 with 100 dead, 10,000 in prison, thousands forced to emigrate and the economy in tatters. But its architects, General Wojciech Jaruzelski and General Czesław Kiszczak have not been held to account for waging war on the nation.

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