Germany Kazakhstan PCK Russia Schwedt refinery Commentary Poland

Germany turns to Kazakh oil supplies, a move that benefits Russia and harms Poland

Oil shipments from Kazakhstan to Germany may potentially replace the supplies being reloaded at Poland’s Naftoport, which manages Poland’s crude oil and petroleum shipments in Gdańsk. This could indicate a renewed German reliance in the eastern direction, which is heavily influenced by Moscow. Kazakh President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev’s recent visit to Berlin was in connection to […]