Polish companies transported 270 million tons of cargo in 2018, representing 23 percent of the EU’s land transport cargo, according to Eurostat data. Poland’s share of land transport has steadily grown since Poland joined the EU in 2004.
Since 2006, transport work measured in kilometer-tons conducted by Polish companies has exceeded Polish domestic cargo transport. In 2018, 64 percent of international transport work went to Polish companies.
These transports have been key to Poland’s growth in international trade, with Eurostat pointing out that 72 percent of export and 45 percent of import of goods in Poland were conducted through road transport.
The liberalization of access to the EU road transport market, which occurred after Poland joined the EU, along with the high competitiveness of Polish carrier companies, led to their growing importance in transport between foreign countries (cross-trade) and transport within other EU states (cabotage).