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Security needed for the Gas Triangle

The strategically vital Gas Triangle by the Baltic Sea is virtually unprotected. Jakub Wiech analyses the strategic importance of the Triangle and defense capability of the Baltic navy.

editor: REMIX NEWS
author:

The navies of Poland, Denmark and Norway are currently incapable of operating in the Baltic Gas Triangle which contains three of the most important EU gas infrastructures: Nord Stream, Świnoujście LNG Terminal and the future Baltic Pipe.

The Triangle is located between the towns Świnoujcie and Niechorze in Poland and Lubmin in Germany.

The Świnoujście LNG Terminal accepts gas from ships from Qatar, Norway and the United States. The Baltic Pipe in Niechorze is a planned pipeline between Norway, Denmark and Poland.

Nord Stream and the planned Nord Stream 2 pipelines transfer gas between Germany and Russia.

One of the main threats to the Gas Triangle is sabotage as part of hybrid warfare

One of the main threats to the Gas Triangle is sabotage as part of hybrid warfare. To tackle this threat modernization of Norwegian, Danish and Polish navies is necessary. Denmark doesn’t possess any submarines and both Norway and Poland own heavily outdated vessels.

When it comes to fighting submarines, the situation is slightly better. Poland’s navy is equipped OHP frigates and Kaman SH-2G Super Seasprite helicopters. Norway possesses the Lockheed P-3 Orion aircraft and Denmark has based its fleet on modularity and can adapt their navy to the required combat.

Any modernizations should include the need to protect the critical gas transmit infrastructure. Its liability to attack has already been proven when in 2015 Swedish media informed about a drone carrying explosive devices found near the Nord Stream pipeline. Although it turned out to be a device meant to disarm mines during the Second World War, the transmission of gas had been halted.

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