A breakthrough Holocaust document, known as the Ładoś List, reveals that an informal group of Polish diplomats in Switzerland attempted to save thousands of Jews during the Holocaust.
What became known as “The Ładoś List” contains over 3,200 Jewish names that diplomats attempted to save.
The group responsible for the Ładoś List was known as the “Ładoś Group”, a team of Polish diplomats and representatives of Jewish organizations from Bern, Switzerland, who cooperated to mass-produce and distribute South American passports to Jews during the Second World War.
The name of the group and list comes from that of Aleksander Ładoś, a Polish ambassador in Switzerland during the Second World War who led the effort to save European Jews.
The Ładoś List is the first attempt to recreate the names of the holders of the so-called “passports of life” or “Ładoś passports”.
The list with 3,262 Jewish names was published by the Pilecki Institute which had conducted research over the course of two years in cooperation with the Jewish Historical Institute, the Auschwitz-Birkenau State Museum and the Institute of National Remembrance.