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Exclusive interview: The Russians gained control of several African countries ‘because France shot itself in both feet,’ says French expert on Africa

Born in Morocco during the French protectorate, Bernard Lugan worked at Rwanda’s University of Butare from 1972 to 1982. After moving back to France in the 1980s, he held a chair at the Jean Moulin University in Lyon and until recently, before his retirement, he taught at the École de Guerre officers’ school and the […]
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